Articulation/Speech Sounds

Articulation is the way we produce speech sounds.

We use our tongue, lips, teeth, jaw and vocal folds to produce speech sounds. Children can experience a range of difficulties that will affect the way they produce their speech sounds.

Most children will make mistakes with their speech sound production at some point in their development. Different sounds are expected to develop at different ages. A speech sound delay exists when a child continues to make mistakes with a particular sound or group of sounds past the age expected.

Speech sound delays involve articulation errors (making the sound) and phonological process errors (sound patterns). A phonological delay will cause patterns of speech sound errors.

Speech Intelligibility refers to how well words can be understood
by an unfamiliar listener (stranger e.g. a shop assistant)

What are the symptoms of an articulation delay?

What are the symptoms of an phonological delay?

The causes of expressive language
difficulties are often unknown.

A number of factors may be working together to contribute to your child's difficulties. Family history is often the most likely indicator, although this may not always be the case. A child may have learnt to a produce a sound incorrectly, or may not have learnt the rules of speech sound production on their own. This may mean the child has a speech sound difficulty, and may not simply outgrow it.

Children who have experienced frequent ear infections with hearing loss are at risk of experiencing a speech sound difficulty.

Children who can say a sound when they copy an adult but don't do it when talking in conversation, are not being lazy. This can often occur and may indicate the child is experiencing a phonological delay

If you have concerns for your child's talking, understanding or speech sound development contact Chatterbox Speech Pathology to book an assessment.

Penrith

(02) 4731 2432

680 High Street Penrith,
NSW 2750

Oran Park

(02) 4647 6777

Oran Park Podium, Level 3, Suite 306, 351 Oran Park
Drive, Oran Park, NSW, 2570

Bella Vista

(02) 8814 1821

T1 Building, Level 3, Suite 306, 14-16 Lexington
Drive, Bella Vista, NSW, 2153

Speech Pathologist are specifically trained to
assess and treat your child's language.

A number of factors may be working together to contribute to your child's difficulties. Family history is often the most likely indicator, although this may not always be the case.

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our awesome speech pathologists!

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